All substances and most types of behavioral addictions.
Human beings often seek out unique experiences and mind altering substances. For many people who are social users, whether it is alcohol or another substance, the changes enhance the pleasure of the particular circumstance. In the beginning, the person with addiction may find the substance or behavior has been positive and pleasant. However, over time, people with addiction begin to experience:
When a person has addiction, the dysfunction is in the brain, and this manifests itself in impaired behavior, thinking, judgment and changing level of consciousness and moods. The brain is influenced by abnormalities in the levels of chemicals, called “neurotransmitters”. The changes to the brain involve our reward centres, through a direct effect on the brain transmitter, dopamine. The faster the stimulation to these areas of the brain, the more powerful are the reinforcing effects (i.e., Drugs that are smoked have onset of action more rapidly than drugs injected > snorted > oral ingestion and so forth). Drugs that attach to the receptor sites in the brain quickly, but leave quickly tend to be more difficult addictions to overcome; for example, heroin, nicotine, cocaine, get into the brain very rapidly, release dopamine quickly, but then let go of the receptors quickly, causing the person to want to take the substances again, right away.
To correct these levels back to normal, there must first be a period of abstinence from all drugs of abuse (at least 90 days for most drugs) to allow the brain to “reboot” and the neurotransmitters to get back to normal levels.
Yes, we provide medically supervised safe and comfortable detox for alcohol, benzodiazepines, opiates, nicotine, caffeine and other substances. We have nurses on duty 24 hours per day and our physicians are able to provide medications to assist the resident not only detox, but also to help with cravings and withdrawal symptoms.
The American Society of Addiction Medicine has defined Addiction as follows:
“Addiction is a primary, chronic disease of brain reward, motivation, memory and related circuitry. Dysfunction in these circuits leads to characteristic biological, psychological, social and spiritual manifestations. This is reflected in an individual pathologically pursuing reward and/or relief by substance use and other behaviors.
Addiction is characterized by inability to consistently abstain, impairment in behavioral control, craving, diminished recognition of significant problems with one’s behaviors and interpersonal relationships, and a dysfunctional emotional response. Like other chronic diseases, addiction often involves cycles of relapse and remission. Without treatment or engagement in recovery activities, addiction is progressive and can result in disability or premature death.”
For people with the disease of addiction, abstinence is most preferred manner of treatment. A person with brain chemistry that impairs his or her ability to control their impulses does not have the ability to stop with a moderate amount of drug or alcohol use.
Fortunately, we have medications that can help with cravings, help stabilize brain chemistry and support recovery. Research has conclusively shown that the safest treatment for the disease of addiction is complete abstinence from alcohol or the drug of choice. With time and training, the addict can lead a normal life, but it must be without the substance(s) or behaviors that cannot be voluntarily controlled.
Note: Illegal Substances and the following medications are not permitted and will be destroyed: Tranquilizers, benzodiazepines, barbiturates, opiates, narcotics, stimulants, sleeping medication, hallucinogens, methadone and anabolic steroids.
You may also bring family pictures, pens, pencils, journals, stamps, recovery or religious reading material. Light reading material must be appropriate in nature and content.
You can receive letters and parcels at the following address:
C/O GreeneStone Muskoka
PO Box 660
3571 Muskoka Rd.,
Of course, but there are some limitations to visiting. Visiting hours are on Saturday and Sundays. Residents are allowed visitors once they have been cleared by the treatment team. Visitors will check in at the gate and be given a visitor pass. We ask visitors to leave all of their purses, bags, medications, nicotine products, sodas, food, snacks etc in their car. If packages for the residents are brought to the campus, our staff members will have to search the package before they will be released to the resident. If in doubt about visiting or what to bring, ask the resident’s primary therapist.